Using Commas Correctly
Solution

Comma Rule #1:
Place a comma after each introductory word, phrase, or clause.

When we speak or read aloud, we pause after an introductory comment so that the listener realizes we have introduced what follows. A comma sends your reader this same message. For example:

Comma after introductory word Eventually, she had to admit that he was the better tennis player.
Comma after introductory phrase In the opening scene, the villian appears harmless and naive.
Comma after introductory clause Whenever I get a care package from home, my roommate eats all my chocolate chip cookies.



Try the following suggestion:




In each of these sentences, the comma helps the reader understand the meaning of the sentence by pausing after the introduction.

Some sentences contain more than one introduction. In this case, each introduction should be followed by a comma. For example:

Finally, in the last four seconds of the game, Tim scored a field goal that won the championship.



Other sentences contain more than one clause and include an introduction before the second clause. Thus, the introduction ends up being in the middle of the sentence. For example:

Sarah loves chocolate; in fact, she eats at least two chocolate bars a day.

Regardless of its location in the sentence, every introduction must be followed by a comma.



Try the following suggestions:




Review Comma Rule #1:
Place a comma after each introductory word, phrase, or clause.